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Ahmad Zaki Abu Shadi describes his belief in freedom and justice, first developed through books, and then strengthened through his own life experiences that caused him to leave Egypt and ultimately move to the United States.

Dimitri Mitropolous describes two experiences, that led him to his belief that talent and celebrity should be used to help others.

W. David Curtiss describes how his well-laid life plans were interrupted by WWII, and how the uncertainty of war taught him to accept change, not with resignation, but with a spirit of adventure.

Howard Spalding describes his belief in a divine spark that exists within every person and which spurs creative invention and moral reasoning, and states his belief that happiness is achieved through the ability to use creative intelligence in the service of others.

Senator Lehman describes his two basic beliefs: First, one should give back to society according to what he or she has received, and secondly, one should extend respect to the opinions and beliefs of others.

Elizabeth Deutsch describes her youthful search for beliefs, which has brought her into contact with many churches and thinkers, and her conclusion that she would live her life the same way whether a Diety exists or not.

Robert MacIver describes his belief that no matter how thoroughly he pursues knowledge of the world, he realizes that there will always be aspects yet to be explained, leaving room for wonder in his view of the world. This episode is a rebroadcast of an earlier airing.

Bill Sears talks about his belief in the importance of developing faith and a moral character to live life to its fullest potential and greatest happiness.

Curt Massey talks about the importance of attending church in his life and the life of his family and how prayer and meditation allow him to better cope with stress in his life.

Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and poet Paul Mowrer describes the importance of faith and hope to his beliefes, which include first hand experiences of both the good and bad that people can do.

Norman Cousins elaborates on the play of free will and determinism in the development of people and society and the detrimental affects fear can have on this development.

Interview was conducted on 3/2/05 by Nakeiha Primus at the home of Louise Jordan.

Claude Fuess, Headmaster of Phillips Academy, describes himself as a "long-range optimist" who believes that the majority of today's boys are full of character and thoughtfulness, despite the newspaper headlines that suggest the moral decline of youth.

Theodore Heubener describes how he came to believe that suffering had a purpose, either as the result of a person's transgression of the natural order of the universe, or as the basis through which one's character is formed.

Charles Bennett explains the importance of loyalty in Congress and in combat and also believes that individuals must repent for one's sins and develop strong faith to make the world a peaceful place.

Starr Daily describes how he reversed his life from one of criminal activity based upon ill will towards society to one of responsibility based upon good will. Audio also contains an advertisement for This I Believe book, Volume II.

Hector Bolitho describes how he came to value solitude and leisure over the fear of being alone and the desire to be in constant competition with others. Audio also contains advertisement for "This I Believe" book.

Arthur Motley, president and publisher of Parade magazine, describes his expereince wathcing "Death of a Salesman" and his reaction ot the portrayal the negative portrayal of salesman and why he believes salesman and selling are synonymous with change, progress, action and is like life in miniature.

Charles G. Darwin, Professor of Natural Philosophy at Edinburgh University, describes his belief that human nature (as it stands) will lead to a decline in social conditions, unless society focuses on the science of heredity. Audio also contains an advertisement for "This I Believe" book, Volume II.

Victor Andrade, Bolivian Ambassador to the United States, describes how he explained the concept of electricity to his son, and states his beliefs that the soul, like electricity, is an unseen force; that a moral order exists; that happiness must be based on immaterial, rather than material, means; and that all individuals are equal. Audio also contains advertisement for "This I Believe" book.

Agnes Moorehead describes her beliefs in the efficacy of prayer, the joy of self-improvement, the necessity of truth, the challenges of an acting career, and the responsibility of an individual to live an honest life. Audio also contains advertisement for "This I Believe" book.

Chester Bowles, Ambassador to India and Nepal and former Governor of Connecticut, describes his belief that an adequate response to the threat of the nuclear age will require cooperation from all sectors of humanity, and that the issue of world poverty must be addressed. Audio also contains advertisement for "This I Believe" book.

Florence Allen, Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, explains her worry over the "deterioration of the human spirit" and her belief that faith and intelligence and the fair application of law may restore the human spirit and through law create a peacful planet. Audio includes an advertisement for "This I Believe" book.

Adlai Stevenson, Governor of Illinois, describes his beliefs in generosity, in liberty, in the rights of man, in God's goodness and protection, in liberalism, in individualism, in freedom of conscience, in diversity and the right to dissent, and in open-mindedness. Audio also contains advertisement for "This I Believe" book.

Raymond Allen, Chancellor of UCLA, describes the impact his family had on teaching him responsibility and other beliefs such as the necessity of family and describes the beliefs he holds close, such as the importance of kindness,the perfectabiloity of man, the need for faith and freedom to worship, and the value of creativity. This essay also contains an advertisement for a This I Believe LP album.

Norman Cousins describes his beliefs in both the individuality of the self and the unity of all humanity, as well as in a moral order derived from universal order; therefore, the poverty of others impacts his own condition, and he works to alleviate social problems.

Alexis Kyrou, Director General of the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, explains the confluence of belief and knowledge and the importance of his Greek heritage to his beliefes and enumerates what some of these are; cooperation, the importance of a spiritual life, patriotism, and repectt for others.

Thelma Mills desribes her philosophy of social service, as well as her beliefs in the personality of Jesus Christ, God's eternal purpose for the universe, and her own role in living out that purpose by serving others.

George Sokolsky talks about his experience abroad and how the experience affected his philosophy of life, politics, and religion.

Lee DuBridge describes his beliefs in science, both what can be understood now, and what will be explained as civilization progresses toward the future.

Milton Katz describes how his experiences in another culture caused him to question the universal nature of his own values, but his reaction to world powers such as Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union led him to conclude that his values of freedom and justice and charity were true, after all.

Wade Hampton lists his beliefs, some of which are: humility, faith, and respect for others, and the moral order of the universe.

Nobel Prize winning President of the Royal Academy, Henry Dale describes his belief in the "supreme value of truth" and the need for science to join forces with religion to help explain both material reality and our immaterial feelings of free will and a moral purpose in life.

Heloise Broeg describes her belief in the importance of human relationships, love, work, and knowledge.

Harold Clurman describes how difficult the theater field was during the Great Depression, but expresses his love and motivations for being in theater and his desire to serve others.

Rosalie Spidell describes her "creed of umimportant people"--her beliefs in unseen realities and the afterlife, her conviction that virture isn't dead, her certainty in a religion she has practiced since childhood, and her description of simple pleasures and joys that have enriched her everyday life.

George Higginbotham, president of the Consolidation Coal Company, describes his "principle of kindness" (a resolve to avoid hurting others), his "principle of self-analysis" (a process of self-reflection which determines personal faults and ways in which to overcome them), and his "principle of tolerance" (a belief that because God is compassionate and forgiving, he should be as well).

Edward Sherman emphasizes the need for responsibility and sacrifice for the sake of the country and to preserve its leadership in the world, and lists his personal commandments, a "Decalogue of Civic Responsibility."

Ronald Kurtz, Electronic Technician in the United States Navy, describes many of his beliefs; his optimism for the future, the value of courage, the beauty of nature and God, reasons for his sentimnetal nature, and his connection to family.

Madge Whitney describes how children's social work brings purpose to her life.

Mrs. Palmer describes the environment in which she grew up and the values and faith she acquired as a result, and why this faith might help others navigate through a confusing and "unpredictable era."

Edward Toland describes how his experiences with a French mobile field hospital in WWI changed his perspective and led him to become a teacher after the war, and he describes his belief that loving humanity by practicing the Golden Rule is the best way in which to love God.

Alfred Nilson describes how, as a harvester in California, the only way to keep his balance while traveling on foot along the railroad ties was to focus his eyes on the distance, and he explains how this lesson in farsightedness has helped him to balance the rest of his life.

Antonio Iglesias describes how his three ideals--the search for truth, a love for beauty, and a reverence for goodness--have offered him strength, certainty and motivation to pursue life despite depression, physical handicaps, suffering, loneliness, and moral indifference.

Laura Crandon of the Horace Mann School for the Deaf states her belief that the world's problems could be addressed if individuals viewed humanity as an interconnected society in which each individual has a part to play.

Gerald Heard describes his perspectives on moral laws and the freedoms we must obtain to achieve true contentment in our life, free of fears and anxiety.

Asa Call describes his beliefs in moral and spiritual laws that, like the physical laws of nature, must be discovered and followed in order to succeed in life.

E.W. Jackson describes his belief in the pursuit of unattainable perfection, the importance of sacrifice, and the responsibility that comes with faith.

Carr Liggett describes his belief that Jesus' Gospel is the way to happiness, and his uncertainities regarding the faith of his parents, as well as his beliefs in the importance of freedom, in accepting life and the world as we find it, and in tolerating and understanding others.

Signe Hasso tells the parable of a painter attempting to create his masterpiece to describe her belief in the importance of refraining from judgement since it is impossible to know and understand the complicated events that bring a person to any moment or place in their life.

Burton Fowler states that the fundamental principles of his beliefs--God, Jesus Christ, and the brotherhood of humanity--derive from his early years on an upstate New York farm.

William Hubben describes how, despite his experiences in Nazi Germany and the popular lack of faith in social progress, he still maintains a belief in the meaning of life and faith in the moral values of the next generation.

Morton Jones describes how he learned to rely on God's help for the moment at hand, and his belief that God's daily guidance removes fear about the future.

Lewis Stevens discusses the importance of the spirit, affection and faith in God's love to withstand the trials and calamity of the material world.

Lord Vansittart describes his belief that there is no compromise possible between good and evil, and that an individual must make a stand against evil.

Nursery school director Rose Alschuler describes the many essential beliefs she would like to impart to her children and adds that it is important for people to act on their beliefs in order to improve one's political and social life and remove cynicism.

Christmas Humphreys recounts his search for beliefs that he could live by, and states his beliefs in the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism.

Anna Hayes, associate editor of the PTA magazine, describes her fear of lightening as a child and the realization that fear is incompatible with faith in God. Anna also explains that faith in people and selflessness can bring the "kingdom of God on earth."

Hudson Hoagland describes the importance of science and democracy and how they work together.

Professor Emeritus of Harvard University, Ralph Perry describes his belief in believing - the quality that transforms idle thinking into action and his belief that humans can distinguish between right and wrong.

Asa Call describes his beliefs in moral and spiritual laws that, like the physical laws of nature, must be discovered and adhered to for a successful life. NOTE: This version has been abbreviated to include an advertisement after the essay. Contains advertisement for a book containing 100 "This I Believe" essays. Duplicate of the essay, complete and without the advertisement, is on XTV-18161 (Box 004).

Walter White, Executive Secretary of the NAACP, recounts the challenges of growing up in a family of light-skinned African Americans (never fully accepted by either side), and describes his beliefs that an end must be obtained by just means, that love for humanity will overcome any obstacles, and that persons should not be judged by their skin color or creed. Audio also contains advertisement for "This I Believe" book.

Former President of the United States, Harry Truman, states that his moral code is based upon the Ten Commandments and the Sermon on the Mount, and describes his beliefs in the duty of a public official to work for the public welfare; in the value of the civil rights movement; and in the importance of preserving civil liberties, democracy, and freedom. Audio also contains advertisement for "This I Believe" book, Volume II.

Will Durant describes how his belief in Socialism was curtailed by a visit to Soviet Russia, and states his beliefs in virtures that promote the welfare of a group, in the finality of death, in the harm to security that anarchical liberty brings to society, in natural evolution, and in God as the creator of an ordered universe. Audio also contains an advertisement for "This I Believe" book, Volume II.

Peter Ustinov describes his belief that organized religion is oppressive, and that doubt, liberalism, the individual, moral courage, and the privacy of the human conscience are all essential to avoid religious oppression.

Nelson Glueck, president of Hebrew Union College, Jewish Institute of Religion, recounts an experience in which he tried but failed to out-pedal a rain storm while cycling through the countryside, and describes how this experience helped form his belief that he should never try to run from difficult life circumstances.

Charles Wilson, Sir Winston Churchill's personal physician, recounts how one judged a person during World War I and the importance of altruism and selflessness to determining a person's character.

John Nason talks about the importance of education in creating a just and thoughtful society and adds that he believes these qualities of justice and goodness are an inherent part of the universe.

Sunil Amrith lecture entitled "Islam in the Bay of Bengal: Between Tamil and Malay Worlds"

Partha Chatterjee lecture entitled "Early Modern Absolutism in 18th Century India"

Fred Hoyle describes his belief that morality is merely a matter of what outcomes will benefit a nation, and that, since conflict happens when nations outgrow their resources, we should address the issue of overpopulation in England and America.

Sunaina Basu, Nusmila Lohani, Shehryar Nabi, Colonial Globalism in the Bay of Bengal: A Class Based Perspective

Interviewed in Kolkata, West Bengal, India by Kris Manjapra

Robert Kaplan, author of Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power (Random House 2010), in discussion with Sugata Bose (Gardiner Professor of Oceanic History and Affairs, Harvard University).

Nile Green lecture entitled "An Economy of Enchantment: Markets for Islam in an Industrializing Ocean."

Interviewed in Kolkata, West Bengal, India by Kris Manjapra